Java is pretty similar to C but it comes with many advanced features. Here’s a quick comparison between C language and Java Language.
- Programming structure – C programming language is based on procedural programming paradigm whereas Java is based on object-oriented programming paradigm.
- Level of language – Java is a high-level language whereas C is a low-level language i.e., C language generally deals with machine level problems whereas Java deals with the development of GUI applications.
- Code conversion – In Java, Codes are interpreted whereas in C language the codes are compiled.
- Use of Pointer – In C programming language, we may use pointers whereas in Java there is no any pointer option is available.
- Error Handling – There is no option to handle unexpected errors in C whereas, in Java, we can handle unexpected errors using exception handling.
- Struct and Union data types – In c language, there are two user-defined data types are available i.e., struct and union which gives us the facility to combine multiple data types in a single unit. Whereas in Java, there is no option of struct and union are available.
- Language Approach – C follows the top-down approach whereas Java follows the bottom-up approach.
- Function Calling – In C language, the function may be called by value or by reference where is in Java we can only call the function using its value only.
- Storage Class – C language supports storage class (i.e., auto, extern, static, etc) whereas Java does not support any storage class.